Saturday, 20/10/2018
On foreign policies of US president in the second term (2013-2016)
27/5/2013 21:46' Send Print

In terms of foreign policies, President Obama has made use of all possible opportunities for dialogues and commitments for cooperation from countries, including “hard-to-please” opponents; paid attention to values of global cooperation; cared for building broad security partnership and assisted allies and friends.

The fundamental difference in thinking and planning of national security strategy in general and in foreign policies in particular of President Obama’s Government as compared with the predecessor’s government is the renouncement of the unilateral approach based on military strength.
In his second term, besides continuing policies of the first term such as consolidation of relations with its allies and traditional friends, strengthening the Latin-American region as its backyard, deep infiltration into Africa, the government of President Obama has coped with three big issues which can be considered as three fronts. They are, fighting against terrorism by withdrawing from Afghanistan, settlement of nuclear issue of Iran and the conflict in Syria and a shift of its global strategy from Europe-Atlantic Ocean to Asia and the Pacific Ocean.

In the second term, the government of President Obama may be more stringent (as compared with the first term) in dealing with the conflict in Syria and the controversial nuclear programme of Iran, but also be cautious not to take unilateral action as his predecessor did.
The shift in its global strategy to Asia and the Pacific is a result of its economic requirements and interest, but basically and firstly it is because of security. Coping with China has been the biggest and most difficult problem for the US administration in the past, present and future. However, there hasn’t been correct and unanimous evaluation of China in US political circle. In his second term, President Obama will not have big changes in policies toward China but will strive to keep the Sino-US relations from breaking. At the same time, the US will create maximum conditions for India to develop fast and share its responsibilities in Asia-Pacific issues in parallel with consolidating its relations with Japan, South Korea and its allies and friends in the region to force China disperse its force.

All adjustments in President Obama’s foreign policies in his second term in different levels will directly or indirectly affect development of countries in the world including Viet Nam. The issue here is to take advantage of positive effects and minimize negative impacts from the adjustments of policy of the US for fast, sustainable development and defense of national sovereignty and security./.

Le Van Cuong,Major General, Assoc .Prof., PhD.