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The 27th ASEAN Summit and related high-level meetings: success and contribution of Viet Nam
31/12/2015 15:21' Send Print

Taking place on the threshold of the establishment of the 2015 ASEAN Community, these summits were important events attracting concern and attention of the international community, especially when these meetings yielded prominent results. These successes are recorded due to strong unity of member countries, including Viet Nam.

Althrough the preparations and participation in the meetings, Viet Nam made a positive and responsible contribution in developing the meetings’ document, taking into account common consensus of ASEAN and common concern of member countries. Many important documents like the Declaration on the Establishment of the ASEAN Community, ASEAN Vision 2025, the ASEAN Convention against Trafficking in Persons, particularly Women and Children, the EAS Statement on Enhancing Regional Maritime Cooperation, and Chairman’s Statement, among others bear the imprint of positive contributions Viet Nam.

Upholding the historical significance of the ASEAN Community

 

Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung attends the 27th ASEAN Summit (ASEAN 27). Photo: VNA

Speaking at the plenary session, Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung stressed that the establishment of the ASEAN Community 2015 is of historical significance, demonstrating the common awareness and commitment of ASEAN member countries in promoting integration and cooperation to a new level, reflecting strong growth of the Association after 48 years of development, and confirming the value of unity and centrality of ASEAN.

About the next stage of development of ASEAN, Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung shared common understanding that the building of the ASEAN Community is a continuous process and the adoption of the ASEAN Vision 2025 and the specific realization plans at the summits would serve as the guiding framework and facilitate broader ASEAN’s integration and more important role in the region. Besides successes, Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung said ASEAN is facing many challenges from outside as well as its own limitations, therefore, in the future, ASEAN should promote new dynamism as well as ASEAN values and strategies, harmoniously combining national interests with the common interests of ASEAN. The Prime Minister pointed to priorities and focus of ASEAN, including measures and adequate resources to efficiently realize the ASEAN Community Vision 2025 and the Blueprint of each pillar, strengthen unity, reach common position, build capacity, promote the central role of ASEAN, especially in dealing with major challenges to peace, security and development in the region and in relations with partners, maintaining dialogue and giving high priority to safeguard peace and stability in the region.

Strengthening relations with ASEAN partners

 

Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung at the ASEAN-South Korea Summit. Photo: VNA

In meetings with ASEAN partners, such as the 18th ASEAN-Japan Summit, the 17th ASEAN-South Korea Summit, the 18th ASEAN-China Summit, the 13th ASEAN-India Summit, the 3rd ASEAN- US Summit, the 18th ASEAN+3 Summit, and the 7th ASEAN-UN Summit, Viet Nam proposed concrete and practical measures to implement ASEAN cooperation with partners in all fields.

Attending the summits, Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung shared the assessment on positive developments in the relations between ASEAN and its partners, highly appreciating and recommending the partner countries to continue supporting ASEAN in building the Community and playing a central role in the region. Regarding orientation to strengthen relations between ASEAN and its partners in the future, the Prime Minister suggested that all parties effectively implement the Plan of Action which was adopted, focusing on areas of mutual concern, such as trade, investment, connectivity, response to climate change, settlement of transboundary issues, and promotion of sustained and equal development in the region. On international and regional situation, Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung emphasized that maintaining peaceful environment, security and stability are prerequisites for successful promotion of cooperation in all fields and common interests and responsibility of ASEAN, partners and the international community.

Making the East Sea a region of peace

On the issue of the East Sea-an issue of concern and most discussed at the summits, especially in the 10th East Asia Summit (EAS) , most leaders of the participating countries expressed deep concern about recent developments in the East Sea.

Presenting Viet Nam’s stance on this issue, Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung pointed out that one of the most serious challenges to the region’s security is the increasingly complex developments in the East Sea. Land reclamation and construction on a large scale and other unilateral activities in the East Sea are causing serious implications, increasing tensions, eroding trust, causing serious concern to the international community and can lead to the risks of militarization and conflict at sea, threatening peace and stability in the region. Ensuring peace, stability, security, safety and freedom of navigation and overflight in the East Sea is the common interest and responsibility of ASEAN as well as countries in and outside the region, demonstrating ASEAN’s prestige and centrality. ASEAN has made great efforts to resolve the East Sea issue, including voicing concerns and common stance on this issue, most recently at the 26th ASEAN Summit organized in April 2015 and the 48th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting organized in October 2015. Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung held that the situation requires continued ASEAN solidarity and unanimity to voice common concern about the complex development in the East Sea while promoting compliance with international law, especially the principle of settling disputes by peaceful means on the basis of international law. Promote the implementation of confidence-building measures, reduce tensions and prevent conflict through ASEAN mechanisms. Strengthen exchanges and urge China to fully implement the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the East Sea (DOC), focusing initially on Article 5, make substantive exchanges, and soon adopt the Code of Conduct in the East Sea (COC).

Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung affirmed that Viet Nam has always done its best to together with other countries turn the East Sea into a region of peace, stability and cooperation for development, resolve all disputes by peaceful means in compliance with international law, including the 1982 UN Convention on Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), not to use or threaten to use force, exercise self-restraint, not to complicate the situation and not to cause tension.

It is possible to say, Viet Nam’s contribution to these summits reflects its policy and determination in participating in ASEAN cooperation. Beside honouring its commitments and obligations as a member of ASEAN, Viet Nam in particular has contributed to strengthening solidarity and unity, upholding the central role of ASEAN in the region and in relations with partners, enhancing the efficiency of ASEAN in order to better take advantage of opportunities and cope with challenges in time. In addition, important socio-economic achievements have elevated Viet Nam’s position and strength, creating conditions for Viet Nam to contribute effectively and substantially to ASEAN, and building the ASEAN Community stronger.

Synthesized by Phuong Tra