Sunday, 29/3/2020
Viet Nam has actively participated in Mekong-China Cooperation
1/2/2018 8:57' Send Print
Leaders at the Gala Dinner during the Meeting

The first Mekong-Lancang Cooperation Leaders’ Meeting was officially launched among six countries: Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and China on 23 March, 2016 in Sanya, Hainan, China. Under the theme "Our Peaceful River and Sustainable Development," the 2nd Mekong- Leaders’ Meeting was held in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, to review the implementation of the cooperation since the first meeting and discuss future directions for cooperation.

After two years of cooperation, important progress has been made in terms of operational mechanism development and specific project implementation. Some key remarkable results include the implementation of 130 projects; early completion of harvest projects, establishment of Lancang-Mekong Environmental Cooperation Center, Water Resources Cooperation Center, and the Global Mekong River Studies Center; formation and operation of the Mekong-Lancang Special Fund.

Regarding cooperation in the coming time, the leaders reaffirmed the goal of building a peaceful, stable, sustainable and prosperous Mekong-Lancang region. They agreed that the Mekong-Lancang Cooperation should contribute positively to the region's socio-economic development, narrow the development gap among member countries and support the building of the ASEAN Community, supplement cooperation with other mechanisms such as GMS, the Mekong River Commission (MRC).

The leaders adopted the Phnom Penh Declaration and the Five Year Mekong-Lancang Cooperation Plan for 2018-2022 with major orientations and measures for cooperation on political and security issues, economic and sustainable development, and social and cultural and people-to-people exchanges. The leaders welcomed the list of 214 Mekong-Lancang Cooperation projects proposed by member countries and agreed to gradually expand cooperation to major projects of the sub-region on the basis of making the most of the Mekong-Lancang Special Fund and financial resources mobilized from governments, the private sector and international financial institutions.

On water resources cooperation, the leaders considered it a high priority area, and agreed to strengthen cooperation on management and sustainable use of water through policy dialogue (such as periodical Forum on Mekong-Lancang water resource); share information and hydrological data; technical cooperation; expedite joint research and pilot projects relating to Mekong-Lancang river water resource; and early establish communication lines in emergency situations.

Speaking at the meeting, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc affirmed the importance and contribution of Vietnam to the Mekong-Lancang mechanism in recent years. For the next five year cooperation, the Prime Minister emphasized the following three issues.

Firstly, attention should be paid to strengthening protection, management and efficient use of the Mekong water resources, making water cooperation a co-operation focus among the six countries. Immediate priorities include strengthening the sharing of hydro-meteorological information and data; cooperating in response to drought and flood; conducting joint scientific research; and developing the Inter-reservoir Operation Regulation along the Lancang-Mekong flow. Secondly, develop completed and connected infrastructure to facilitate the flow of goods, services, capital and travel of people. Thirdly, support the Mekong-Lancang riverine countries to take advantage of the 4.0 industrial revolution on the basis of: (i) sharing of experience, knowledge and technology to promote industrialization in member countries; (ii) develop enterprise force and train quality labour force; attract resources towards infrastructure development and create conditions for projects to bring into full play their potentials and strength and generate jobs for people; (iii) enhance cooperation in research and technology transfer for agricultural development, especially high-tech organic agriculture. Vietnam’s initiatives and contributions were highly appreciated and reflected in the documents of the Conference.

At the Meeting, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc and other leaders attended the ceremony to transfer co-chairmanship of the Mekong-Lancang Cooperation to Laos; attended the joint press conference on the results of the Meeting; and visited the photo exhibition on Mekong-Lancang achievements.

On this occasion, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc had a working lunch with Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen, met with Lao Prime Minister Thongloun Sisoulith, Chinese Prime Minister Li Khac Cuong, and Thai Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha. At the meetings, the two sides exchanged measures and orientations to further promote bilateral relations as well as solve specific cooperation issues.

Prime Minister of the host country Samdech Techo Hun Sen highly appreciated the participation of Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc and the Vietnam delegation, considering Vietnam a key partner of the Mekong-Lancang Cooperation, not only contributing positively to the success of this Meeting, but also to promoting cooperation in the region.

Synthesized by ND