Tuesday, 2/6/2020
Mr. Truong Chinh and his home province of Nam Dinh
8/3/2007 15:10' Send Print

Nam Dinh converges the traditions of patriotism and unyieldingness against foreign aggressors; hard, intelligent and creative work; unity, humanity, studiousness, and the will to strive to progress. These traditions of Nam Dinh’s people contributed to building the splendid Red River civilisation. Nam Dinh gave birth to and tempered talented and righteous people, and outstanding revolutionaries and leaders of our Party including Mr. Truong Chinh. Truong Chinh’s real name was Dang Xuan Khu. He was born on Feb. 9, 1907, in Hanh Thien village, Xuan Hong commune, Xuan Truong district, Nam Dinh province, to a patriotic scholar family, members of which had won laureates in pre-Court examinations. His paternal grand father was Dang Xuan Bang, who won the title of Tien Si (third rank Doctor in pre-Court examinations) in 1856. His father was Dang Xuan Vien, who was a great scholar and researcher in many aspects. His mother was Nguyen Thi Tu, who was whole-heartedly devoted to her husband and children. The fine family tradition influenced his thinking and personality. In feudal times, Hanh Thien village and Xuan Truong district as well as Co Am village to the East were renowned for their learning and laureate tradition. The saying “Co Am in the east, Hanh Thien in the south” showed the then people’s respect and admiration for the areas with “learned men and skilled women weavers”. People from Hanh Thien won laureates in pre-Court examinations as early as in the Le dynasty (Le Thai Tong, 1434 - 1442). Up to 1915 when the final examinations of the Nguyen dynasty were held, Hanh Thien village boasted seven candidates who had passed the pre-Court examination, 97 bachelors in inter-provincial competition and examinations, and 246 junior bachelors. The village built a temple of literature in 1703 to encourage the people’s fondness for learning. Studious and patriotic, Hanh Thien people, who worked as mandarins were dedicated to the people and would become teachers or medical practitioners. Confucianism classes held by scholars in the village attracted a large number of students. The Van Xuong temple (temple of literature) in Hanh Thien was where students and scholars came to learn literature and cite poems and disseminate progressive ideas. Hanh Thien villagers ardently participated in the Can Vuong (royalist movement), Dong Du (Journey to eastern countries), and Dong Kinh Nghia Thuc (Free School of the Eastern Capital) movements. They were arrested and detained by the enemies, but always highlighted their unyielding spirit despite sacrifices. The home village and family traditions contributed to Mr. Truong Chinh’s personality and the fostering of his revolutionary spirit and wisdom. Nam Dinh is proud of Mr. Truong Chinh, an outstanding communist and pre-eminent leader of Vietnam’s revolution. His revolutionary life was closely connected with the country’s struggle for national independence, unification and socialism. As an intellectual youth who had awakened to revolutionary ideas, he joined the revolution very early and devoted his whole life to the revolution. Mr. Truong Chinh held many important positions in the Party and the State during his revolutionary life, sometimes working underground, sometimes in the open, leaving him little time to visit his home province. However, his sentiment and responsibility for home were always a major encouragement for the Nam Dinh Party’s Committee and people to overcome any difficulties and positively contribute to the struggle for national liberation, national unification, the building of socialism and the successful realisation of the renewal, industrialisation and modernisation initiated and led by our Party.

Chu Van Dat