Wednesday, 19/12/2018
The 2003 Law on Land-problems and recommendations for supplement and revision
9/7/2012 16:19' Send Print

The 2003 Law on Land has made profound and in-depth impacts on the country’s socio-economic development

- In the field of agriculture and rural areas, land policies have liberated labor force and developed agricultural consumer market.

- The economy has been restructured; infrastructure, industry, urban areas and services have developed and created appropriate steps for economic restructure in the period of industrialization and modernization.

- The Law has helped solve social problems, protected sustainable development, created employments and stabilized people’s life.

Difficulties and constraints

- Land resource has not been fully capitalized and land use efficiency is not high.

- Poor and weak management of land.

- Petitions and complaints on land have been complicated; there are overlapping on settlement of petitions and complaints on land.

- There are errors in compensation and land acquisition.

Recommendations on continued renovation of policies and legislation on land

1. Following are guiding principles on policies and legislation on land to realize Party’s resolutions, the Platform on national construction in the period of transition to socialism (supplemented and revised in 2011) and the Strategy on socio-economic development to 2020 approved at the 11th Party Congress.

- The State exercises its power over land through plans to identify land use purposes

- The State assigns land for long-time use and leases land with time-bound to land users.

The land users have rights to change, assign, lease, re-lease, inherit, offer, present as gift, collateral and capital contribution according to laws.

- Land must be rationally distributed and used with right purposes, thrift and high efficiency.

- Changes in policies and legislation on land should ensure political and social stability; maximize land resources, and contribute to socio-economic development, national defense, security and international integration.

- Capacity building to enhance land management capacity to ensure effective and unified management.

- Enhancement of the Party’s leadership and State’s management and the role of the Fatherland Front, mass organizations and people in oversight of land policies and legislation.

2. Prompted by real situation, requirements for socio-economic development from now to 2020 and the above-mentioned guiding principles, policies and legislation on land should be completed according to the following orientations:

- Research and discussions will be continued to clarify theory about land ownership.

- Policies on assignment of agricultural land.

- Supplementing land user’s rights:

     + Right to use land as collateral

     + Right of foreign investor

     + Land price is established by the State

- Strengthening generation of resource for land.

- Reforming administrative procedures and improving land management

Policies on land and the 2003 Law on Land should be reviewed carefully and cautiously to ensure social stability and socio-economic development in the period of industrialization and modernization./. 

 

Nguyen Minh QuangMember of the Central Committee of the Party, Minister of Resources and Environment