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Statement of the 8th plenum of the 11th Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam
2/12/2013 15:20' Send Print

As part of the working agenda of the tenure, the 11th Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam convened the 8th plenum from September 30 to October 9, 2013. High on the agenda were the 2013 socio-economic performance, the 2014 socio-economic plan, and the implementation of the 11th National Party Congress’s Resolution on the economy and society. Other topics of discussion included the radical and comprehensive reform of education and training, draft revisions to the 1992 Constitution, a review of the 10-year implementation of the Resolution on the Strategy for National Defense in the New Situation adopted at the 8th plenum of the 9th Party Central Committee, and Party building issues.

Party General Secretary Nguyễn Phú Trọng chaired the plenum, delivering opening and closing remarks.

1. The Party Central Committee discussed and issued a conclusion on 2013’s socio-economic performance and goals and tasks of 2014’s socio-economic development. The committee also reached conclusions on the implementation of the 11th National Party Congress’s Resolution on Socio-economic Development, which focuses on the three strategic breakthroughs associated with economic restructuring, growth model reform, and future tasks and solutions. In the past 3 years, the regional and global situation has undergone complex changes that pose potential risks. The world’s economic recovery has been slower than predicted. In Vietnam, the existing limitations of the economy plus other difficulties have resulted in high inflation, seriously impacting the macro-economy. Economic growth is slower, businesses and production are in trouble, competitiveness remains low while international integration broadens and deepens. In addition, natural disasters and epidemics have cause great losses. Demands for social security and welfare and environmental protection and improvement are growing, while the country has had to allocate more resources to national defense and security as well as safeguarding national sovereignty.

Right after the 11th National Party Congress, the Party and State of Vietnam made timely adjustments to key goals and tasks, giving priority to inflation control, macro-economic stabilization, a rational growth rate, and social welfare. The government has taken aggressive steps to deal with the situation. These were timely, appropriate, and significant decisions for national socio-economic development. Thanks to the Party’s leadership, the State’s governance, and efforts by the entire political system, the people, the army, and the country’s business sector, the economy has made progress on the right track with important and comprehensive results: a basically stabilized macro-economy, controlled inflation, and a gradual economic recovery with relatively high growth. Economic restructuring associated with growth model reform has gained some initial results. Strategic breakthroughs are being undertaken. Culture and society are experiencing progress, social welfare is being guaranteed, and people’s living conditions are improving. Natural resource management, environmental protection, and a proactive response to climate change have been stepped up. Anti-corruption efforts and thrift and conservation practices have achieved some encouraging results. National defense, security, and sovereignty are being safeguarded. Foreign policy is making progress.

However, in addition to achievements, there remain shortcomings and weaknesses. The macro-economy is basically stabilized, but not yet sustainable. Bad debts are high. The economy’s efficiency and competitiveness are low. Production and business are in trouble. Businesses can hardly borrow money. Purchasing power is recovering slowly. The number of dissolved and suspended businesses is high. Economic restructuring and growth model shifting is slower than needed. The effectiveness of capital investment remains low. The restructuring of state-owned enterprises and credit organizations has failed to live up to expectations. The implementation of the 3 strategic breakthroughs is slow despite initial positive results. Limitations and shortcomings are reported in social and cultural areas. The management of natural resources and environmental protection are poor. Anti-corruption efforts are falling short. Political security faces threats. National sovereignty is being challenged.

The Party Central Committee analyzed the causes, results, and shortcomings, particularly subjective causes, and drew lessons from experiences of the 3-year implementation of the 11th National Party Congress’s Resolution on the Socio-economic Development. The Party Central Committee stressed the following overall goals for the 2014 - 2015 socio-economy: Maintain the macro-economy and control inflation. Revive growth and enhance competitiveness while pursuing the economic restructuring and the 3 strategic breakthroughs. Guarantee social security and welfare and improve people’s lives. Strengthen administrative reforms and step up the fight against corruption and waste. Safeguard national defense, political security, and social order. Improve foreign affairs and international integration. Concentrate on macro-economic stabilization, inflation control, and removal of obstacles for business and production in 2014.

Fundamental tasks and solutions to achieve the set goals: Strengthen macro-economic stabilization and inflation control. Ease difficulties for businesses and production. Ensure reasonable growth. Boost economic restructuring. Effectively implement the 3 strategic breakthroughs. Develop the socio-culture and guarantee social security. Tighten natural resource management, environmental protection, and climate change response. Strictly abide by anti-corruption laws and thrift and anti-waste practices. Intensify national defense and security. Improve the effectiveness of foreign affairs and proactively integrate into the world. Promote communications to create unity within the Party and social consensus.

2. The Party Central Committee decided to issue a resolution on radical and comprehensive reforms of education and training, meeting the requirements of industrialization and modernization under the conditions of the socialist-oriented market economy and international integration.

The Party Central Committee holds that despite numerous domestic difficulties and limited resources, the Vietnamese traditional fondness for learning, the care of the Party, State and the whole society, and the efforts of the teachers and managers has enabled Vietnamese education and training to record major achievements, contributing to national renovation, construction and defense. These include the implementation of universal education, improvement of people’s knowledge, human resources development, nurtured talents, education of citizens’ awareness, political virtues, and revolutionary ideals for generations of Vietnamese, sustained socialist orientation, better conditions for educational quality, improved quality and effectiveness of education at all levels, improved training levels, expanded international integration, and a growing number of trained workers.

However, education and training remains far from meeting the demands of national construction and defense and the requirements for growth model reform, economic restructuring and sustainable development. Education has not yet been a truly primary national policy and given high priority in socio-economic development programs. Education has not yet been considered a dicisive factor for national development. Shortcomings and weaknesses of education and training which were raised by the Resolution of the 2nd plenum of the 8th Party Central Committee have seen slow amelioration and even some deterioration. Educational science is obsolete. The quality of education is failing to meet socio-economic development needs or to create a strong competitive edge for Vietnam’s workforce regionally and globally. Education does not yet contribute to preserving and promoting national cultural values. Education management reveals weaknesses. The budget for education is limited. There is insufficient forecasting of human resource needs for national industrialization and modernization and of people’s learning needs for proper educational development planning.

The Communist Party of Vietnam Central Committee thoroughly analyzed the causes, particularly subjective causes behind shortcomings and weakness; experience gained from education reforms; the background, advantages, disadvantages and challenges; and requirements for the education sector during the new revolutionary period. The Party Central Committee stresses the need to radically and comprehensively reform education and training. The Party Central Committee defines radical and comprehensive reform of education and training as reform of the core and urgent issues ranging from thinking and perspectives to goals, systems, and programs of education, policies, mechanisms, and conditions to ensure educational quality. Reform should be implemented at all grades and levels of training, at central and local levels, and in the relationship between families, schools, and society. Reform should aim to develop learners’ capacity, train human resources, and nurture talents, while shifting from providing knowledge to comprehensively developing learners’ capacity and qualities. Reform aims to create a drastic change in education quality and effectiveness, satisfying the needs of national construction and defense as well as the people’s needs for study. Reform needs be systematic, with a long-term vision and uniform, feasible, scientific measures. Radical and comprehensive reform needs to consolidate and promote achievements and role models, while resolutely dealing with wrongdoing and infractions. Prolonged weaknesses should be addressed and new, positive factors should be developed. Reform should have a focus and a roadmap appropriate to the actual conditions of the country and localities. Limitations and challenges of education should be kept in mind and overcome through effective measures and roadmaps, thus elevating the education sector to a new height.

Based on the overall and concrete goals, the Party Central Committee defines several tasks and solutions for radical and comprehensive reform of education: Strengthen the Party’s leadership and the State’s management in educational reform. Continue drastic and uniform renovation of fundamental elements of the educational program in line with developing the quality and competence of learners. Radically renovate the forms and methods of tests, exams, and evaluation of educational quality. Guarantee integrity, objectivity, and accuracy, meeting the demands for developing each student’s capacity and quality. The national educational system should be refined towards an open educational system, life learning, and building a learning society. Educational management should be radically reformed, ensuring democracy, unity, and strengthened self-determination and social responsibilities of educational institutions, while quality management is championed. Good management is a fundamental premise for good teaching and learning. An army of teachers and educational managers should be developed to meet the requirements for the reform of education and training. Financial policies and mechanisms should be renovated, while facilities are developed and social contributions are encouraged. Investment effectiveness for educational development should be enhanced. It is necessary to improve the quality and effectiveness of scientific and technological studies, particularly education and management sciences. International integration and cooperation in education and training should be proactively carried out.

3. The Party Central Committee discussed the draft revisions to the 1992 Constitution. The Constitution is a fundamental political-legal document which balances the most important social relations, serves as a foundation, and reflects the nature of the State and regime. The Constitution, the original law of the State, has the highest legal validity in the legal system, ensuring socio-political stability and national sovereignty and reflecting the people’s will and aspirations. Amending and supplementing the 1992 Constitution is an especially important task of the Party, State and the whole political system, meeting the requirements for national development in the new period. The Party Central Committee remarks that recently we have maximized our democratic spirit and sense of responsibility, encouraging people of all social strata to give feedback on the building of the Constitution. The contributions of opinions on Constitution building are a widespread democratic political-legal drive among the people of all social strata and the whole political system, helping to enhance the awareness and responsibility of every individual, agency, and organization for building the draft revisions to the 1992 Constitution and for future implementation of the Constitution.

Closely following the 1991 Platform (supplemented and developed in 2011), the documents of the Party, resolutions and conclusions of the Party Central Committee and of the Politburo on the goals, requirements, basic viewpoints, and major directions regarding the revisions to the 1992 Constitution, the Committee on Draft Amendments to the Constitution collected and studied comments from National Assembly deputies and the people to amend and finalize the draft revisions to the 1992 Constitution.

The Party Central Committee discussed some major points of the draft revisions to the 1992 Constitution including: the leadership role of the Party; the position of the Vietnam Trade Union; economic sectors; land acquisition; votes of confidence for officials elected or approved by the National Assembly; and local administrations and the Constitutional Council.

The Party Central Committee issued its Conclusion on the Completion of the Draft Revisions to the 1992 Constitution, which will be submitted to the upcoming 6th session of the National Assembly for approval.

4. The Party Central Committee examined, discussed and evaluated the results of the 10-year implementation of the Resolution of the 8th plenum of the 9th Party Central Committee regarding the Strategy for National Defense in the New Situation. The Party Central Committee holds that: the Resolution has been studied and implemented strictly by Party committees and organizations. The Resolution is implemented in the midst of a complex situation in which advantages intermingle with challenges in the region and around the globe. The Resolution is applied creatively and properly, meeting the basic requirements of current situation. The Resolution implementation makes an important contribution to the historic achievements of the national renewal process, strengthens the Party’s leadership and the State’s management, and renovates and upholds the role of the Vietnam Fatherland Front and other political, social and professional organizations. The Resolution implementation helps to build and refine the socialist-oriented market economy, boost national unity and democracy and ensure social security. The Resolution affirms the combination of economy and defense, expanded foreign relations, and firmly-safeguarded national sovereignty, territorial integrity, and interests while maintaining politico-social stability and a peaceful environment for national development. National strength is combined with the era’s strength. Efforts should be made to win support from the international community and enhance Vietnam‘s position and prestige worldwide.

However, Vietnam and the world are experiencing in-depth changes and complex developments. The peaceful and stable environment is fragile with potential risk of instability. Party and State building, socio-economic development guiding, and the fight against corruption reveal limitations and weaknesses. Public thinking and mood face arising problems. Some state employees and party members are decadent in political ideology, morality, and lifestyle. The adverse effects of the market economy and international integration continue to negatively impact social life. Hostile forces strengthen their sabotage against the national renewal process, using more sophisticated and wicked plots. These challenges plus our weaknesses create new and more urgent needs for national construction and defense.

The Party Central Committee thoroughly analyzed the situation, predicted the development trends of global, regional and domestic issues, and identified causes, particularly subjective causes behind shortcomings and weaknesses. The Party Central Committee affirms that: in any circumstance, the whole Party, people and army are determined to safeguard independence, national sovereignty, and territorial integrity; protect the Party, State, people and regime; ensure political security, social order and the Vietnamese culture filled with national identity; maintain socio-political stability and a peaceful environment for national development in pursuant of the goal of a “wealthy people and a strong, democratic, fair, and civilized country”.

The Party Central Committee focused its in-depth discussions on tasks and solutions to continue to successfully undertake the Strategy for National Construction and Defense in the New Situation.

The Party Central Committee agreed to issue the Resolution on the Strategy for National Defense in the New Situation.

5. The Party Central Committee considered and decided important issues on Party building: giving initial feedback on election regulations within the Party, establishing a sub-committee in charge of preparing for the 12th National Party Congress, and other major issues.

The Party Central Committee calls on the whole Party, people and army to consolidate themselves, stay united and unified, uphold achievements, and overcome limitations and shortcomings. Efforts should be made to overcome difficulties and challenges to successfully implement resolutions and conclusions of the Party Central Committee’s 8th plenum, the Resolution of the 11th Party Central Committee’s 4th plenum on Party building and the Resolution of the 11th National Party Congress. The Party urges more efforts to fulfill the tasks and goals for socio-economic development in 2013 and subsequent years, creating a foundation for Vietnam to become an industrialized and modernized country by 2020./.