President Truong Tan Sang delivers a speech to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the August Revolution and National Day of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam. Image: sav.gov.vn
On 02 September 2015, at the historic Ba Dinh Square, the Vietnamese Party, State and Fatherland Front held a solemn meeting, military parade, and march to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the August Revolution and National Day of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam. On behalf of the Party and State, Mr. Truong Tan Sang, Politburo member and President of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam delivered a speech. Communist Review would like to introduce the speech of the President.
70 years ago, in the historic autumn days, under the leadership of the Communist Party of Viet Nam and President Ho Chi Minh, the Vietnamese people made the great August Revolution. On 2 September, 2015, at Ba Dinh Square of Ha Noi, on behalf of the interim government, President Ho Chi Minh read the Declaration of Independence, solemnly declaring to the people of Viet Nam and the world: “Viet Nam has the right to enjoy freedom and independence, and in fact has become a free and independent country”(1), giving birth to the Democratic Republic of Viet Nam, the first people's democratic state in Southeast Asia now the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam. This important event is a brilliant milestone in the glorious history of building and defending the country of the Vietnamese people.
The August Revolution leading to the birth of Democratic Republic of Viet Nam is the great victory of the people of Viet Nam, smashing the domination, oppression and exploitation of colonialism and feudalism, and wresting back power to the people. From a colonial and semi-feudal country Viet Nam became an independent and free country. From slaves the Vietnamese people became the masters of the country, society and their own destiny. Viet Nam entered a new era, the era of national independence and socialism. The August Revolution was an epochal event of profound international significance, a source of great encouragement for colonial, oppressed and exploited peoples to rise up and struggle for national independence, democracy and social progress.
The August Revolution is the victory of the great national unity, patriotic tradition, stuff, wisdom and undauntedness of the Vietnamese people inherited and promoted to the higher level in the struggle organized and led by the Communist Party of Viet Nam, and the victory of correct revolutionary lines, wise leadership, strategic vision, acumen to create and grasp opportunity, combination of national strength with the strength of the time by the Communist Viet Nam and President Ho Chi Minh. The lines followed with absolute loyalty by Party members who braved hardship and sacrifice, persistently promulgated, mobilized and organized concerted uprising to seize power throughout the country were the result of the three revolutionary climaxes of the Vietnamese people in 15 years from the Party’s establishment.
Over the past seventy years, implementing the sacred oath made at the ceremony to declare independence “The entire Vietnamese people are determined to mobilize all their physical and mental strength, to sacrifice their lives and property in order to safeguard their freedom and independence”(2), the Vietnamese people devoted their efforts, wisdom and sacrifice to maintain and implement the lofty goals of the August Revolution: national independence, freedom and happiness for the people. The Party, State and people of Viet Nam foiled every sabotage schemes of hostile forces and protect the young revolutionary government, waged the protracted nine-year-long resistance war full of hardships and sacrifices to win the resounding victory of Dien Bien Phu that “shook the world.” Then, over 21 years fighting courageously and steadfastly to defeat the enemy's war strategies, we won complete victory in the General Offensive and Uprising in the spring of 1975 culminating in the historic Ho Chi Minh campaign which liberated the south and reunified the country. Immediately after the victory, the Vietnamese people had to continue fighting for national defense in the southwestern border and the northern border and honour its international obligations. Only after that the Vietnamese people can really live in peace and rebuild the country. It's true to Nguyen Trai’s statement in Proclamation of Victory over the Wu: “From now on our land is safe. Rivers and mountains will see a new era.”
The renewal policy put forth by the 6th Congress of the Communist Party of Viet Nam to meet the urgent demands of reality which conformed to people’s aspiration, supported and implemented by the people has ushered in a new era of development. After nearly 30 years of implementation, Viet Nam has gained great achievements of historic significance. From an impoverished and backward country, Viet Nam has risen out of the socio-economic crisis, passing the line of a poor and least developed country to become a middle-income developing country; the people's lives have been improving; the socio-political situation has been stabilized; independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity have been maintained; external relations has been expanded; Viet Nam’s prestige, and position has been enhanced in the international arena. The national synergy has increased, creating new position and strength for the country to continue developing with bright prospects. The great victories and achievements recorded by the Vietnamese people over the past 70 years are highly appreciated and admired by the world people and international friends, and become valuable asset of Viet Nam in industrialization, modernization and international integration.
Today, the Party, State and Vietnam Fatherland Front hold solemn meeting to commemorate 70th anniversary of the August Revolution and National Day of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam. In a sacred atmosphere of pride, we respectfully turn out hearts to President Ho Chi Minh, the genius leader, a national liberation hero and a man of culture of the world who devoted his life to the people and the country and led our Party and our people to make glorious victories, glorifying our nation, our mountains and rivers. His thought and cause are an invaluable asset, a torch shining the way for our nation to firmly march to the future. We forever bear in mind our gratitude to the great merit of millions of heroes and heroines, and martyrs who courageously sacrificed themselves for national independence, freedom, sovereignty, unity, territorial integrity, socialism, and lofty international obligations. We expressed deep gratitude to veteran revolutionaries, heroic mothers, war invalids and sick soldiers, and families who have rendered great merit to the country and people throughout the country for their brave fighting, sacrifice and great contribution to the glorious revolutionary cause of our nation. We are forever grateful and express deep gratitude to fraternal peoples, progressive forces and friends all over the world for their valuable assistance to our struggle for national liberation, and reunification in the past as well as in the current national construction and defense.
Today, Viet Nam is facing opportunities while also coping with many difficulties and challenges. There are profound, abrupt, complicated and unpredictable changes in regional and world situation. Wars, ethnic and religious conflicts, terrorism, riots and territorial sovereignty disputes have occurred in many places; especially increasing disputes over territorial waters and islands in East Sea, plots, activities of hostile forces against our State and regime directly threatening peace, stability, sovereignty and territorial integrity of our country. At home, the achievements of the past years are very important but not on par with our potential, and not sustainable in terms of economy, culture, society and environment. The four threats identified by the Communist Party of Viet Nam remain, and in some cases become increasingly more serious, and complex. Especially the risk of lagging further behind in economy, degradation of political ideology, ethics, lifestyle, declination of ideal and the will to fight, bureaucracy, corruption and waste among part of cadres and Party members have not been prevented and repelled, causing resentment in society, and discontent among the people, and undermining people's trust in the Party and State.
Celebrating the August Revolution and National Day, the entire Party, people and army vow to unite as one, strive forward, take advantage of opportunities, overcome challenges, and devote our might and main, strengthen our will, maintain revolutionary achievements, continue to implement the lofty goals of the August Revolution and Independence Oath engraved in the heart of every Vietnamese and successfully implement the two strategic tasks of building and protecting the country, reduce development gap with other countries, strive to make Viet Nam a modern industrialized country, firmly safeguard national independence, sovereignty, unity, territorial integrity for national interests, protect the Party, the State, the people and the socialist regime, maintain the peaceful and stable environment for national development, enhance Viet Nam’s position in the international arena, bring about free, plentiful and happy life for the people as Uncle Ho commanded: “If the country is independent but the people can not enjoy happiness and freedom, that independence makes no sense.”(3)
To successfully implement such noble goals, the Party, State and people of Viet Nam must bring into full play the great national unity in combination with the power of the time, continue to strengthen the comprehensive renovation, develop the socialist-oriented market economy, accelerate industrialization and modernization, restructure the economy in association with renewing the growth model for rapid and sustainable development. Develop comprehensively culture and society, and implement progress and social equity. Focus on the similarities in concerns to build Viet Nam into a strong country of peace, independence, unity, territorial integrity, with prosperous people, democracy, equity and civilization, remove complex and prejudice of the past, accept differences which are not contrary to the common interests of the nation to unite all patriotic Vietnamese.
Strengthen defense and security potential, build people’s national defense and people’s security fronts, especially potential and people’s front. Build People's Army and the revolutionary People's Public Security force which are regular, elite, gradually modernized, of high quality and combativeness, absolutely loyal to the motherland and the people, the Party and State. Heighten vigilance, defeat all plots and sabotage activities of hostile forces, maintain political security and social law and order and safety, safeguard the peaceful life of the people, national independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of the motherland, and avoid passivity in any circumstances. Consistently implement the foreign policy of independence, self-reliance, peace, cooperation and development, multilateralisation and diversification of relations. Viet Nam commits to be a reliable friend and partner, and a responsible member of the international community. Constantly improve the effectiveness of external activities, reputation and status of the country in the region and the world, enlist the support of international friends; contribute positively to maintain peace, stability and development in the region, in the struggle for national independence, democracy and social progress of the world people.
The key task of decisive significance is to build a clean and strong Communist Party of Viet Nam, and enhance the Party leadership capacity and combativeness. The Party sets out correct lines in line with objective rules and practices of the country without dogmatism, subjectivism and voluntarism. Build a contingent of vanguard party members who are exemplary, and give highest priority to the interests of the people and the country and who are trusted and loved by people. Resolutely prevent and reverse the degradation of political ideology, ethics and lifestyle, internal “self-evolution” and “self-transformation” especially corruption, waste and bureaucracy. Only by so doing can we consolidate and strengthen people's trust in the Party and State. Continue to innovate methods of Party leadership in the context when the Party takes power in a rule-of-law socialist state and international integration. Successfully organize party congresses at all level in anticipation of the 12th National Party Congress. Continue to build and perfect the rule-of-law socialist state of the people, by the people and for the people; all state power belongs to the people; and all state bodies, all public servants should be subject to supervision by the people. Innovate governance to meet the demands to develop the socialist-oriented market economy, promote democracy, discipline, effectiveness and efficiency of State management in all fields. More than ever before, we should be fully aware of Uncle Ho’s teaching: "It is not certain for one nation, one party, and any person who was praised as great and charismatic yesterday remains loved and praised today if that individual is no more pure at heart, and falls into individualism.”(4)
Celebrating the 70th anniversary of the August Revolution and National Day (2 September), fully aware of the stature, great historical significance and the lessons of the August Revolution, the more we are proud of the great achievements and brilliant feat of arms of our people over the past 70 years under the leadership of the Communist Party of Viet Nam, the great President Ho Chi Minh, of the country and the heroic Vietnamese people the more we are confident and energetic to successfully fulfill all heavy, but very glorious duties in the new revolutionary period. Opportunities and bright future await the people of Viet Nam! Holding high the immortal spirit of the August Revolution and National Day (2 September), I call upon the entire people, comrades and soldiers throughout the country and overseas Vietnamese to continue fostering patriotism, unite as one, join forces, take advantage of opportunities, overcome challenges, strive to make Viet Nam on par with friends on five continents, and safeguard territorial integrity bequeathed by our forefathers. We firmly believe that our nation, a nation with a long civilization, wisdom, acumen, tradition of persistency, undauntedness, diligence, intelligence, creativeness which has made splendid triumphs, will definitely succeed in the cause of building Viet Nam into a strong, democratic, equitable and civilized country with prosperous people and firmly safeguard the beloved country of Viet Nam!
Long live the spirit of the August Revolution and National Day (2 September)!
Long live the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam!
Long live the glorious Communist Party of Viet Nam!
President Ho Chi Minh live forever in our cause!
(1) Ho Chi Minh, Complete Works, the National Political Publishing House-Truth, Ha Noi, 2011, Vol. 4, p.3
(2) Ibid, Vol. 4, p.3
(3) Ibid, Vol. 4, p.64
(4) Ho Chi Minh, Complete Works, the National Political Publishing House, Ha Noi, 1996, Vol.12, pp.557-558
This article was published in Communist Review No. 875 (September 2015)