Monday, 22/4/2019
Party’s external relations in 2018 made an important contribution to the outstanding results of Vietnam's foreign affairs and overall achievements
12/4/2019 15:20' Send Print
Head of Central Commission for External Relations of the Communist Party of Vietnam Hoang Binh Quan and Secretary of Kazakhstan’s Nur Otan Party K.B Zhummasey sign a cooperation agreement between the two Parties. Image: nhandan.com.vn

In 2018, rapid, complex, unpredictable changes took place in the world security and political situation causing multi-dimensional, multi-level impacts on the security and development of all countries, including Vietnam. Large countries flexibly adjusted their policies, scaled up implementation of strategic objectives at regional and global scales, created fiercer political, military, and economical competition and complexities in force rally. Nationalism, populism, pragmatism strongly rose up; international law, multilateral mechanisms faced more challenges; the trend of power monopoly, imposition, and unilateral behavior increased; regional and global governance mechanisms met with many challenges and had lower role in addressing emerging international issues. "Hot spots" from the Middle East, Africa to Asia-Pacific became more complicated than before. Countries in and outside the region increasingly appreciated the Asia-Pacific region. However, the region contains great contradictions of the world; and is a place which brings about fundamental benefits and comprehensive strategic competition of big countries. Disputes over territorial sovereignty, sea and islands are complicated, potentially threatening peace and stability in the region, challenging sovereignty and sovereignty rights of countries. The world economy continues recovering, but the recovery is slowing down and still has potential risks, especially due to trade competition, geopolitical unrest in regions and high public debts. Countries have stepped up international economic linkages, trade liberalization, but met with more difficulties due to growing protection measures. Those factors have led to instability, uncertainty and changeability of the world situation.

In that context, the Party’s external relations in 2018 followed closely the foreign lines of the 12th Party Congress, proactively, positively and creatively realizing tasks and achieving many important results.

Some great results of the Party external relations in 2018

First, the Communist Party of Vietnam proactively promoted ties with ruling parties in the socialist and bordering countries, thus strengthening and further developing external relations; the Party’s external relations contributed to enhancing political trust, creating a political foundation and playing a strategic role in orienting the relations between Vietnam and other countries.

The Communist Party of Vietnam deepened bilateral ties with the Lao People's Revolutionary Party, enhanced political trust and brought into play the effective, special and comprehensive solidarity between the two parties and two countries. Strategic, and key lines and measures of cooperation directed by the top leaders of the two parties since the beginning of 2018 were implemented; awareness of the strategic importance of relations between the two parties towards bilateral relations was raised. In 2018, the two parties worked together to effectively implement many important cooperation mechanisms at the highest level as well as in the two Party's advisory boards, exchanging information, theory, and practical experience, especially effectively organizing the 6th Theoretical Workshop in July 2018 with the theme "Ideological work in current conditions - status quo, problems and solutions," contributing practically to the study of theory and review of the reality, and the two Parties’ rule. Vietnam has effectively implemented training and retraining of cadres for Laos. Exchange of official visits, internal visits of high-ranking leaders of the two parties was increased, including a visit to Vietnam by the Lao Party General Secretary and President Bunnhang Volachit and other visits of members of the Politburos and Secretariats of the two parties.

With the Chinese Communist Party, party diplomacy in 2018 was active effective; the ties between the two parties continued to play an important role, orienting and leading the stable development of relations between the two countries. Cooperation mechanisms between the two parties were enhanced and deepened to be more practical and effective. On the other hand, the relation was expanded at all levels, from the top leaders to committees of the Central, Provincial Party Committees, City Party Committees and local party organizations. The exchange of many high-level delegations of the two parties, especially of Politburo members, Party Central Committee's Secretaries gained and supplemented important high-level common perceptions, thereby strengthening political trust between the two countries, controlling and handling disagreements, including the East Sea issue. Last year, the two parties also successfully organized the 14th Theoretical Workshop in July 2018 under the theme of "Practices and experiences of Vietnam's innovation and China’s reform openness," and organized training courses for Vietnamese cadres. At the same time, Vietnam was also proactively in exchanging and consulting with its Chinese counterpart on issues of Party building, Party work, anti-corruption.

With the Cambodian People's Party, Party external relations were deepened, and expanded in terms of cooperative contents. Party relations continued to play an important role in strengthening the political foundation for bilateral relations. Through annual mechanisms, especially high-level talks and visits by the top leaders of the two parties, including the visit of the Cambodian People's Party President, Prime Minister Hunsen, the two sides exchanged strategic issues, reaching an important common understanding in strengthening good relations between the two Parties and countries for the security and development of each country in their new development stages.

With the Communist Party of Cuba, the friendship, loyalty, pure and reliable solidarity between the two parties were constantly developed and increasingly tightened. The Communist Party of Vietnam continued to show its solidarity and spiritual and material support to Cuba through various appropriate forms, such as providing rice, and clearing debts for Cuba. Vietnam actively rolled out Party’s external relation activities. In particular, the State visit to Cuba by General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong in March 2018 boosted and strengthened the emotion between the two parties, countries and people. The two parties signed a new Agreement on Exchange and Cooperation in the period of 2018-2023, emphasizing the core role of party relations in the orientation of comprehensive cooperation between the two countries. The two parties’ cooperation was deepened through exchange of practical experiences and theory. In November 2018, the two parties successfully organized the 4th workshop on the topic "Socio-Economic development and political and ideology work, the top priority tasks of the Communist Party Cuba and the Communist Party of Vietnam.” The results of the cooperation between the two parties in the past year contributed significantly to consolidating the two parties’ ties, and at the same time positively influencing the relations of the Communist Party of Vietnam with political parties in Latin America.

Second, relations with the ruling and political parties strongly developed, creating an important political foundation for strengthening and expanding bilateral relations and at the same time stability for State relations when positions of ruling parties in political arena changed. This continued to be a breakthrough in the relations of the Communist Party of Vietnam in 2018 which, as a ruling party, proactively promoted strong relations with many ruling, political parties and parties having important positions and roles in making and implementing their countries ‘policies towards Vietnam, namely the US, Great Britain, France, Russia, Germany, Finland, Hungary, Greece, Canada, Japan, Singapore, Myanmar, the Philippines, Thailand, Mongolia, India, Australia, New Zealand, Egypt, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Mozambique, Angola, among others. In particular, important and successful visits to France, Russia, Hungary of the General Secretary of the of the Communist Party of Vietnam marked a new milestone, created new motivations, established cooperation frameworks, expanded "room" for the bilateral relations, strengthened political trust, thereby set a solid foundation to comprehensively enhance and improve cooperation efficiency across all sectors. At the same time, the visits showed the Vietnamese Party’s respect and desire to constantly cultivate friendly relations with political parties and important partner countries. In addition, visits made by the Permanent Secretary of the Secretariat, members of the Politburo, the Secretariat and the Central Committee to countries also strongly developed relations with many ruling parties, extended the Party’s relations with political parties, signed cooperation agreements conducive to an extended foundation for the Party's external relations. Relations with ruling parties, political parties, and large opposition parties helped political circles in their countries have a fuller understanding of the leading role of the Communist Party of Vietnam, respect the political regime of Vietnam, create a common awareness about the need to promote a stable and long-term relation framework with Vietnam, resulted in their participation and influence of policy making and implementing policies towards Vietnam. It should be emphasized that most political parties in different countries, despite their political tendencies, generally looked forward to boost cooperation with the Communist Party of Vietnam, hailed Vietnam’s important contribution to pushing forward the trend of peace, stability, cooperation and development in the region and the world. Through its relations with these political parties, Vietnam leant experiences of ruling, leading and managing the country.

Third, relations between the Communist Party of Vietnam with communist, workers’ and left-wing parties which have high positions and roles in the political arena of their countries were substantially consolidated and focused. In 2018, consolidating relations with communist, workers’ and left-wing parties continued to be an important traditional direction of the Communist Party of Vietnam and was implemented through external activities. Vietnam strengthened relations with many communist and workers’ parties in many important countries and partners, such as the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, the Czech Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia, the French Communist Party, the Communist Party USA, the Communist Party of Israel, the Communist Party of Greece, the Communist Party of Brazil, the Communist People’s Party of Kazakhstan, the Japanese Communist Party, the Socialist Party of Venezuela, the Communist Party of Chile, the Left Party of German, the Revolutionary Party of Tanzania, the Unified Left Movement of Dominican and many parties in other areas. Thus, political trust was heightened and cooperation was deepened. While communist and workers’ parties in the world were still facing many difficulties, our Party attached great importance to exchange of delegations in order to strengthen solidarity and friendship and exchange theoretical and practical issues in socialist construction and other big problems of the times. Most of the communist and workers’ parties considered our innovative achievements an important theoretical and practical contribution to protecting and developing Marxism-Leninism and an encouragement to other parties in the struggle for socialism. These were specific and practical contributions of our Party to the international communist and workers’ movement. Vice versa, international communist and workers’ parties continued to be an important political supporters of the revolutionary cause of the Party and the people of Vietnam. They conducted many practical activities, supporting Vietnam’s viewpoints and policies in solving issues relating to national interests. Fourth, the Communist Party of Vietnam proactively, actively, effectively participated in multilateral forums of political parties. At this multilateral level, Vietnam took part in forums of both communist and worker forces, and political parties regardless of political tendencies and ideologies. In 2018, Vietnam as a member of the Standing Committee of the International Conference of Asian Political Parties (ICAPP) and a member of the Working Group of the International Meeting of the Communist and Workers’ Parties (IMCWP) made an important contribution to promoting solidarity, consensus, coordination in the activities of the forums in a more dynamic and substantive manner. In addition, the Party continued to support leftist and progressive forces in Latin America through active participation in the 24th Sao Paulo Forum held in Cuba, the 22nd International Forum “Political Parties and a New Society” held in Mexico, and many international conferences of communist and workers’ parties organized periodically in many countries. The prestige, position and credibility of the Communist Party of Vietnam among political parties enhanced, thereby the Party won increasing support from other parties to its lines and viewpoints in many issues. The Party's activities in the political multilateral forums also helped international friends better understand the renovation, the Party and the country of Vietnam. Thus, Vietnam won broader support from other parties for issues of national interests.

Orientations and tasks of Party’s external relations in the coming time

In the coming years, there will be rapid and unpredictable developments in the world situation, and complicated elements in global and regional political context and security. Strategic competition among big countries will be increasingly fiercer; multi-polar and multi-center trend will be pushed up. Peace, cooperation and development are still the desire of nations, but the trend of big power, imposition, trade protection, threats and the willingness to use power in international relations will tend to increase, challenging international law and order. National interests will be set great store by in international relations. The movement of political parties will also develop complicatedly with many new manifestations; competition between political parties in each country becomes fierce, creating rapid position changes in the political scene of the countries.

The above situation poses new problems, new requirements demanding the Party’s external relations to adapt quickly, proactively and make full use of opportunities to ensure maximum national interests, effectively contributing to maintaining a peaceful and stable environment for the development of the country; firmly protecting independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity, making the most of international resources for the cause of national development; raising the Party and Vietnam’s status in the international arena.

In that spirit, the Party external relations in the coming time should focus on some major directions and tasks as follows:

First, well organize Party visits, especially high-level visits; promote strong and effective mechanisms and party cooperation programs, such as theoretical seminars, policy dialogues, staff training, deepen Party’s effective and practical external relations, especially relations with ruling parties in socialist and bordering countries, strengthening political trust, create a solid political foundation, uphold the role of strategic orientation for bilateral relations; bring into play advantages of the party external relation channel to participate in solving major problems in bilateral relations.

Second, giving priority to making a breakthrough in relations with ruling parties, political parties, and important parties in important partner countries of Vietnam, especially countries having strategic partnership, comprehensive partnership with Vietnam, strengthening trust, creating a political foundation for bilateral relations for long-term stable relations.

Third, strengthen substantive relations with communist, workers’ and left-wing parties and parties with significant roles in other countries, and international communist and workers’ movement; proactively and positively heighten Vietnam’s role in political party multilateral forums; propose and recommend initiatives that are in line with Vietnam's interests; mobilize and win support for our position on important issues, and long-term and effective international support for the Party, State and country.

Fourth, step up close, harmonious smooth coordination with state diplomacy and people-to-people exchange; improve the effectiveness of external activities of the committees of the Party, the provincial and city Party Committees.

Fifth, further coordination in research and forecast, especially research, strategic forecast, consultation, proposal, appraisal, for high unanimity of viewpoints and settlement to create firm foundation for senior leaders to consider and adopt foreign lines, schemes, solutions and policies.
Sixth, intensify coordination in managing foreign affairs, ensure the strict and effective implementation of the Regulation on the management of foreign affairs of the Politburo to improve external activities’ practicality and effectiveness.

The positive results of the Party's external relations in 2018 were of important significance, because 2018 was a pivotal year when the 12th Party Congress underwent half of the term; the Party, people and army entered a critical stage of fulfilling the objectives of the 12th Party Congress. These important achievements provided a decisive basis for the Party's external relations together with the state diplomacy and people-to-people exchange successfully implement the foreign lines and policies of the 12th Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam.

Hoang Binh QuanMember of the Party Central Committee Head of the Central Commision for External Relations