Sunday, 29/3/2020
Sustainable value and significance of the Communist Manifesto
8/3/2007 16:11' Send Print

160 years ago in 1847, the genius founders of the scientific communism theory, leaders and teachers of the world working class, Karl Marx and Frederick Engels wrote the immortal work The Communist Manifesto, which is the most popular and internationally well known of socialist books and newspapers.

The real value of The Communist Manifesto is not that it provided available answers to issues relating to the current revolutionary period, but reflected a general trend in the society’s objective movement and pointed out historical tasks which could be tackled, leading to the gradual liberation of the working class and other labouring people, the oppressed nation, society and people in general. As a theoretical work and a political declaration The Communist Manifesto presented in a condensed and systematic manner the most basic theoretical issues. The capitalist society, particularly that in capitalist countries in mainland Europe and Britain in the middle of the 19th century was very complicated. The deep-rooted issues as pointed out by the Manifesto lay in the contradiction between the foundation of capitalism - capitalist private ownership, and its product- the industrialised productive force. The narrowness of capitalist production relations against the development of the productive force is the major cause, which would lead to the collapse of the capitalist economic regime. While proclaiming the death of capitalism, the Manifesto sketched the most basic features of the model of communist society in the future. Economically, capitalist ownership would be eradicated in the communist society. Particularly in the Manifesto, Marx and Engels criticised the argument, which even until now quite a few people still quote. The argument is to thoroughly encourage privatisation, holding that eradication of private ownership will make people lazy and stagnate all productive activities. Marx and Engels wrote that if it were true, capitalist society would have collapsed long time ago due to laziness, because in such a society, the working people could not enjoy their outcomes while the beneficiaries did not work. Marxism-Leninism in general and the Manifesto in particular and Ho Chi Minh Thought have always been the guidelines for the Vietnamese revolution. On the way to socialism and communism, it is feasible for our Party and people to realise the objectives of building a rich people, a strong country and a fair, democratic and civilised society. The Manifesto logically combines dialectical relations between the present and the future, the immediate and the long-term, the general and the particular, the era and the nation, and international and domestic situation. By participating in the process of globalisation complete with its opportunities and challenges, as was predicted by Marx and Engels in the Manifesto, the Vietnamese Communist Party and people will further find guidelines for a precious world outlook and methodologies. Sustainable values of this immortal theoretical work and political platform will remain forever.

To Huy Rua